A biography of malcolm x a black american leader

Initially, he was a member of the Nation of Islam, which advocated the separation of black and white Americans.

A biography of malcolm x a black american leader

Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible, the biography says. Little suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages.

Inthey were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years. Recalling his days in school, the biography says Malcolm X used the time to further his education.

Intrigued, Malcolm began to study the teachings of NOI leader Elijah Muhammad, the biography says, adding that Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic and social success.

Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people, the biography says. Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam.

Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem. After the special, the biography says Malcolm X was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad.

He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization, according to the abridged biography. Since joining the NOI, Malcolm X had strictly adhered to the teachings of Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm X received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F.

This Day In History: 02/21/1965 - Malcolm X Assassinated

Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason, the biography says, adding that, in MarchMalcolm X terminated his relationship with the NOI.

That same year, Malcolm X went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life-altering for him, the biography says.

It says that, for the first time, Malcolm X shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive.

After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury. They shot him 15 times at close range, the biography says.

A biography of malcolm x a black american leader

Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam, the biography says.Malcolm X (), African American civil rights leader, was a major 20th-century spokesman for black nationalism.

Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, , in Omaha, Nebr. His father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey, the black nationalist leader in the.

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Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Grenadian-born Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children. According to an abridged biography, Malcolm X’s father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid.

Watch video · Malcolm X (May 19, to February 21, ) was a minister, human rights activist and prominent black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of Islam during the s and s. Malcolm X was a prominent figure during the Civil Rights era.

Offering an alternative view to the mainstream Civil Rights movement, Malcolm X advocated for both the establishment of a separate black community (rather than integration) and the use of violence in self-defense (rather than non-violence).

Malcolm X Biography. Malcolm X ( – ) was an influential African-American leader of the s. Initially, he was a member of the Nation of Islam, which advocated the separation of black and white Americans.

He later converted to Sunni Islam and founded the Organisation of Afro-American Unity. Malcolm X Biography. Malcolm X ( – ) was an influential African-American leader of the s.

Initially, he was a member of the Nation of Islam, which advocated the separation of black and white Americans.

Malcolm X Quotes, Death, Wife, Kids, Real Name, Biography