Print this page East India Company British involvement in India during the 18th century can be divided into two phases, one ending and the other beginning at mid-century. In the first half of the century, the British were a trading presence at certain points along the coast; from the s they began to wage war on land in eastern and south-eastern India and to reap the reward of successful warfare, which was the exercise of political power, notably over the rich province of Bengal.
Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from until its independence in The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf and the states under the Persian Gulf Residency were theoretically princely states as well as presidencies and provinces of British India until and used the rupee as their unit of currency.
Ceylon was part of Madras Presidency between and British India and the Princely States[ edit ] Main articles: The expression "British India" shall mean all territories and places within Her Majesty's dominions which are for the time being governed by Her Majesty through the Governor-General of India or through any governor or other officer subordinates to the Governor-General of India.
The expression "India" shall mean British India together with any territories of any native prince or chief under the suzerainty of Her Majesty exercised through the Governor-General of India, or through any governor or other officer subordinates to the Governor-General of India.
The passports issued by the British Indian government had the words "Indian Empire" on the cover and "Empire of India" on the inside. Suzerainty over princely states, some of the largest and most important, was exercised in the name of the British Crown by the central government of British India under the Viceroy ; the remaining approximately states were dependents of the provincial governments of British India under a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Chief Commissioner as the case might have been.British Empire Gallery 2 Case Study 4; this case study considers the nature of British rule in India and uses documents from the National Archives.
Mar 03, · In , British Crown rule was established in India, ending a century of control by the East India Company. The life and death struggle that preceded this formalisation of .
The British rule over India changed the course of history in India. The British came to India at the start of the seventeenth century.
This was the time when the British East India Company was established in India to break the Dutch monopoly over spice trade. With time the East India Company. British India was the area of India in South Asia which for hundreds of years was under the influence of the English (later the British).
From the s until these areas were run . The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India.
The region under British control was commonly called British India or simply India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and those ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage or .
For the next ninety years, direct British rule would prevail in India. From the British Raj to independence () Britain ruled about 60% of Indian directly and the other 40% indirectly through native princes who followed British policies.
During their time in India, the British developed tea and cotton agriculture and coal and iron industries.