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Number of Individuals with Internet Access: It is a vast country that is sparsely populated with about 1. Walvis Bay, which covers square miles, is Namibia's main port for imports and exports. Most of Namibia's adult population is made up of indigenous Africans, mostly from the Ovambo, Damara, and Herero groups.
There are also more than 50, Coloureds people of mixed racial descentmore than 40, Afrikaners people of South African descentand more than 25, people of German descent.
Namibia had a troubled history. Initially, Hottentots a short, racially mixed, brown-skinned people invaded the country from South Africa; since they had guns, they conquered Herero and Damara territory.
They were followed, inby the Germans who laid claim to what came to be called South West Africa. When Europeans met for what was called the "Scramble for Africa," Namibia was ceded to Business report readership tin control.
With their superior firepower, German merchants, soldiers, and missionaries, established forts and settlements. They conquered or took over everything in their path, except for Walvis Bay, which the British had occupied and annexed to Cape Colony, one of the four provinces of South Africa.
Using brute force, the Germans took land and cattle from the indigenous people. It is estimated that 65, Hereros were killed by the Germans, but German occupation did not last long.
The League of Nations blocked that move, instead giving South Africa a mandate to look after the territory. However, South Africa ignored the League of Nation's wishes and, from totreated Namibia as if it were a part of South Africa.
Instead it tried to engage in creeping annexation, treating Namibia as one of its provinces business report readership tin and actually allowing legislators from the future Namibia to be chosen to represent their country in the South African Parliament.
Under increasing pressure from newly independent African countries and other countries that wanted to end colonialism, the UN took South Africa to the International Court of Justice, which issued unclear verdicts in and However, in the court finally declared that South African occupation of Namibia was illegal.
Despite the court ruling and the Security Council's actions, the apartheid government—a system of legalized racial segregation that left control of the country in the hands of the white minority while the black majority was voteless and powerless—in South Africa continued to act as if nothing had changed.
The situation indeed was changing; black South Africans were organizing themselves in an effort to end South African rule and to stop the creeping annexation that saw apartheid being exported to Namibia. These ideas were anathema to South Africa's rulers who were doing their best to suppress the African National Congress and the Pan-Africanist Congress, the country's domestic black nationalist movements.
South African pressure forced African nationalist leaders to flee Namibia and flee into exile in Zambia and Tanzania. SWAPO leaders in the country were arrested and some were detained or jailed in South Africa proper, away from their supporters.
As SWAPO increased military pressure against South Africa, the United Nations continued to insist that Namibia was a trust territory being temporarily controlled by South Africa until one day its people would exercise their right to self-determination and independence.
South Africa tried numerous strategies and subterfuges to remain in control over Namibia. That forced South Africa to return to the negotiating table again, where she insisted that her troops would not leave Namibia until Cuban troops left Angola. South Africa finally agreed to Namibian independence, giving up her dreams of absorbing Namibia and using it as a buffer zone to keep Africans from the north outside Pretoria's boundaries.
On March 21,the country became independent and officially changed its name from South West Africa to Namibia. Media History The Namibian constitution guarantees and protects press freedom.
Namibia boasts four daily newspapers: The Namibianan independent English and Ovambo newspaper based in Windhoek, with a circulation between 10, and 25, whose editor, Gwen Lister, is also active in press freedom issues in Southern Africa; the Namibian Newsa government newspaper published by the Ministry of Finance in Windhoek; the Namibia Economist ; and the Allgemeine Zeitunga German newspaper published in Windhoek, established in Editor-in-Chief Eberhard Hofmann.
Other Namibian newspapers include Die Republikein The Republicana daily Afrikaans, English, and German language newspaper, established in in Windhoek Proprietor Democratic Media Holdingswith a circulation between 10, and 25,; Tempoa German and English language newspaper, established inpublished in Windhoek on Sundays Proprietor Democratic Media Holdings, Editor Des Erasmuswith a circulation in the 10, to 25, range; and the Windoek Advertisera daily English language newspaper established in in Windhoek Proprietor John Meinert Pty.
The privately owned Allgemeine Zeitung and the government-owned Namibian News are the country's most influential newspapers. Other publications include Namibia Reviewa monthly English magazine published by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, with a circulation of 10,; and Abacusa weekly, free English newspaper with a circulation of 30, A major player in the country's print media is Democratic Media Holdings, a business enterprise run by the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance DTAthe country's official opposition party.
It also works with the Pan African News Agency for receiving and distributing news and information within the country. Press Laws The print media in Namibia is far freer in the s than it has been in the past.
During the days of South African control, all forms of media were restricted. Various laws, including those governing defense, prisons, the police, the ubiquitous Internal Security Act, as well as emergency regulations, severely restricted what journalists could report, publish, photograph, or record.
They could not report prison, police, or military stories or anything about unrest or guerrilla activities or SWAPO.
Anything considered likely to undermine the Pretoria regime was also untouchable as far as journalists were concerned. The Pretoria regime deliberately tried to use the print media, just as it did with radio and television, as part of a total onslaught campaign against SWAPO.
The media was ruthlessly muzzled. Everything changed with Namibia's independence. Its constitution guaranteed press freedom, including the ownership and publication of privately owned newspapers.Annual return.
An annual return (for purposes of the public inspection rules discussed below) is an exact copy of the Form T that was filed with the IRS, including all schedules and attachments.
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For the first time, online readership and advertising revenue has surpassed that of print newspapers. The business press is a key audience because media coverage can affect how investors and other stakeholders perceive a company.
References (2) U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission: Annual Report.
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