Causes of drug addiction essay

Treatment and rehabilitation Crystal meth is a highly addictive, illegal stimulant drug that has a long-lasting euphoric effect. Known informally as meth, ice or blue ice, or glass, it resembles shiny blue-white "rocks" or fragments of glass of varying sizes.

Causes of drug addiction essay

This heightened effect from synchronized activity may explain the sense of euphoria experienced during other social activities such as laughter, music-making and dancing that are involved in social bonding in humans and possibly other vertebrates.

Causes of drug addiction essay A, Brown RY, eds. A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience 2nd ed.

Causes of drug addiction essay

Changes in appetite and energy may reflect abnormalities in various hypothalamic nuclei. Depressed mood and anhedonia lack of interest in pleasurable activities in depressed individuals, and euphoria and increased involvement in goal-directed activities in patients, who experience mania, may reflect opposing abnormalities in the nucleus accumbens, medial prefrontal cortex, amygdala, or other structures.

Although short-term administration of glucocorticoids often produces euphoria and increased energy, the impact of long-lasting increases in endogenous glucocorticoids produced during depression can involve complex adaptations such as those that occur in Cushing syndrome Chapter Exposure to addictive chemicals not only produces extreme euphoric states that may initially motivate drug use, but also causes equally extreme adaptations in reinforcement mechanisms and motivated behavior that eventually lead to compulsive use.

Accordingly, the evolutionary design of human and animal brains that has helped to promote our survival also has made us vulnerable to addiction. Early-stage romantic love can induce euphoria, is a cross-cultural phenomenon, and is possibly a developed form of a mammalian drive to pursue preferred mates.

Under normal conditions, it is not surprising that sexual activity is physiologically regulated by the reward circuitry of the brain, specifically by dopaminergic pathways see Figure 1. Moreover, the early stages of a new, romantic relationship can be a powerful and absorbing experience. Individuals in new romantic relationships report feeling euphoric and energetic.

They also become emotionally dependent on, desire closeness with, and have highly focused attention on their partner Reynaud et al. Human neuroimaging studies have shown that feelings experienced during the early stages of a romantic relationship are associated with neural activations in several reward-system and affect-processing regions of the brain Young ; Aron et al.

Desiring Sex, Longing for Love: In Jankowiak, William R. Love and Sex Across Cultures.

Social dislocation

These emotional states may also be manifested behaviorally as "labile psychophysical responses to the loved person, including exhilaration, euphoria, buoyancy, spiritual feelings, increased energy, sleeplessness, loss of appetite, shyness, awkwardness The presence of similar neurological mechanisms and brain patterns may account for the ability to readily identify when someone is romantically involved or erotically excited Fisher It has been observed that drugs of abuse as diverse as alcohol, barbiturates, opiates, and psychomotor stimulants all share a profile of psychoactive effects characterized as euphoria.

It is generally accepted that euphoria is at least a partial explanation why these drugs are abused.This Special Communication applies financial principles to determine the cost of physician burnout and the financial return on organizational investments to red.

Among other causes of teenage drug abuse, one should name misinformation (stereotypes), escape and self-medication, simple boredom and curiosity, rebellion against parents or society, lack of confidence or self-esteem, and availability of drugs.

Free yourself from drug or alcohol addiction. Discover treatment options, ways to help, and understand what causes addiction. Drug Abuse Essay example. Anthony Drug Abuse Research Health Drug Abuse and Addiction Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug seeking behavior and drug use regardless of the fact of the negative consequences to the user and those around them.

Crystal meth, known colloquially as ice, tina or glass, is a colorless form of d-methamphetamine, a powerful, highly addictive stimulant. The drug is illegal and can be highly dangerous, having.

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Euphoria - Wikipedia