ZONES We will divide the individual letters into three zones to better understand how the writer makes specific use of their mind UZtheir emotions MZ and the physical elements in their environment LZ. In the English alphabet, which is also used for most European languages, including French, German and Italian, a part of every letter is found in the middle zone. The upper zone has six bizonal letters:
History of writing The earliest example of systematic writing is the Sumerian pictographic system found on clay tablets, which eventually developed around BC into a modified version called cuneiform  which was impressed on wet clay with a sharpened reed.
Two cursive scripts were eventually created, hieraticshortly after hieroglyphs were invented, and demotic Egyptian in the seventh century BC.
The first known alphabetical system came from the Phoenicianswho developed a vowel-less system of 22 letters around the eleventh century BC.
Adding vowels to the alphabet, dropping some consonants and altering the order, the Ancient Greeks developed a script which included only what we know of as capital Greek letters. The Phoenician alphabet also influenced the Hebrew and Aramaic scripts, which follow a vowel-less system.
One Hebrew script was only used for religious literature and by a small community of Samaritans up until the sixth century BC. Handwriting styles which were used to produce manuscripts included square capitals, rustic capitalsuncials, and half-uncials.
Roman cursive or informal handwriting started out as a derivative of the capital letters, though the tendency to write quickly and efficiently made the letters less precise.
This script was not as clear as the Carolingian, but instead was narrower, darker, and denser. Because of this, the dot above the i was added in order to differentiate it from the similar pen strokes of the n, m, and u.
Also, the letter u was created as separate from the v, which had previously been used for both sounds. Another variation of Carolingian minuscule was created by the Italian humanists in the fifteenth century, called by them littera antiqua and now called humanist minuscule.
A cursive form eventually developed, and it became increasingly slanted due to the quickness with which it could be written. This manuscript handwriting, called cursive humanisticbecame known as the typeface Italic used throughout Europe.
Copybooks first appeared in Italy around the sixteenth century; the earliest writing manuals were published by Sigismondo Fanti and Ludovico degli Arrighi.
Engraving could better produce the flourishes in handwritten script, which helped penmanship masters to produce beautiful examples for students.
By the eighteenth century, schools were established to teach penmanship techniques from master penmen, especially in England and the United States. Chinese characters represent whole morphemes rather than individual sounds, and consequently are visually far more complex than European scripts; in some cases their pictographic origins are still visible.
The earliest form of Chinese was written on bones and shells called Jiaguwen in the fourteenth century BC. Other writing surfaces used during this time included bronze, stone, jade, pottery, and clay, which became more popular after the twelfth century BC. Calligraphy is widely practiced in China, which employs scripts such as Kaishu standardXingshu semi-cursiveand Caoshu cursive.
Japanese writing evolved from Chinese script and Chinese characters, called kanjior ideograms, were adopted to represent Japanese words and grammar. Hiragana is the more widely used script in Japan today, while katakana, meant for formal documents originally, is used similarly to italics in alphabetic scripts.
His writing system was first published inin his book Spencer and Rice's System of Business and Ladies' Penmanship. This " Spencerian Method " Ornamental Style was taught in American schools until the mids, and has seen a resurgence in recent years through charter schools and home schooling using revised Spencerian books and methods produced by former IAMPETH president Michael Sull born Louis Henry Hausam published the "New Education in Penmanship" incalled "the greatest work of the kind ever published.
These included those produced by A.
Palmera student of Gaskell, who developed the Palmer Methodas reflected in his Palmer's Guide to Business Writing, published in Palmer Company folded in the early s. Modern Styles include more than published textbook curricula including: Other copybook styles that are unique and do not fall into any previous categories are Smithhand, Handwriting without Tears, Ausgangsschrift, Bob Jones, etc.Frequently in my early teaching career, I taught a computer literacy course.
In this course I taught my student that a computer is a machine for the input, storage, processing, and output of information. According to research from the National Pen Company in the U.S., your handwriting can give away clues about 5, different personality traits based on the way you space your letters, how you sign your name, and even how you connect the letter ‘o’ and ‘s’ to other letters in a word.
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Jul 29, · How to Tell What Someone is Like from Their Handwriting. In this Article: Observing the Sizing & Spacing Analyzing the Style Noting Slanting, Pressure, and Deviations Community Q&A It’s no surprise that you can learn a lot about someone based on what they write.
Mar 19, · Reader Approved How to Analyze Handwriting (Graphology) Two Methods: Quick and Fun Analysis Forensic Document Analysis Community Q&A A person's handwriting is as unique as their personality, which makes it 89%(63).