Reaction paper about comprehensive agrarian reform program

How to Write a Summary of an Article? This started during the Spanish regime when the land was primarily owned by the large landlords and the friars. The Philippine farmers found it hard to acquire land during that time because the only basis for ownership is ancestral domain ship.

Reaction paper about comprehensive agrarian reform program

The government recognizes the need for support services to complement land distribution such as credit facilities, technology and infrastructure. It is through these clusters that support services are being channeled to the farmer-beneficiaries for them to productively perform their role in community development process.

Farmers are organized into teams where they undergo various organizational capabilities for their own development.

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Within these Arcs, there are a total number of 2, organizations, with members totalingthat are being assisted by DAR ; the average number of organization per ARC still stands at two.

Infrastructure Facilities One vital way of improving the income of ARBs is by building physical and economic infrastructures such as farm-to-market roads, irrigation systems, bridges, and post-harvest facilities.

As of the end ofthe number of DAR-initiated infrastructure projects currently being managed by the ARCs and local government units include farm-to-market roads; 7, post-harvest facilities; irrigation systems; and bridges.

The DAR lawyers handle three types of cases and these are the judicial, quasi-judicial and non-judicial cases. Judicial cases may be civil or criminal in nature and are filed in the regular courts. Quasi-judicial on the other hand includes ejectment, reinstatement, termination of leasehold agreement, falling in the jurisdiction of the DAR Adjudication Board DARAB and its adjudicators while non-judicial cases are those arising from agrarian law implementation and related implementing rules and regulations and personnel discipline cases.

DAR reports show that as of the first quarter ofthere are 1, judicial and 4, quasi-judicial cases pending nationwide. Adjudication of Cases Through the DARAB, the Department is vested with quasi-judicial powers to determine and adjudicate disputes, cases, controversies and matters involving the implementation of RA and other related issuances.

Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program: Aquino, Ramos, Estrada Administration 1. The ALRP, as in PD 27, imposed a ceiling of seven hectares for all croplands, the distribution of large privately- owned farms, rice and corn lands, small farms, and alienable as well as disposable lands exempting areas such as ancestral tribal lands and those that are used for public service.

Other features of the program include tenancy regulation and voluntary land sharing and corporate stock sharing as alternative schemes to land reform. It may have contrasting features compared to past land reforms; however it still had flaws in it. Hence, the Aquino government drafted Executive Order No.

It detailed the mechanics of land registration, private land acquisition and the compensation procedures to land owners. It also specified the composition and functions of the governing entities, which will coordinate and supervise the implementation of the program.

The land reform issues such as the retention limit and priority areas were left for the Congress to define. Both Houses produced their own agrarian bills. These two bills later on mirrored the contrasting interests of both Houses.

While the landlord-dominated Lower House reflected the interests of landowners, the urban-based Senators emphasized the need for a land reform to attain economic development. These disputes and debates and the fact that there is diversity among the landowners themselves when it comes to land reform measures have paved the way for them to compromise.

It is within this context that the CARL was put into law. As mentioned earlier, the CARP is so far the most comprehensive agrarian reform program ever formulated. Unlike that of PD 27, which include only rice and corn lands, CARP covers all private and public agricultural lands regardless of commodity produced and tenurial status of the tiller including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture.

CARP recognizes as beneficiaries of the agrarian reform not only farmers but all workers in the land given that they are landless and willing to cultivate the land. The program used variable retention limits: Aside from land acquisition and distribution, which is the very essence of CARP, it also provides for the delivery of support services such as rural development projects, human resources development activities and infrastructure facilities.

It also ensures the tenurial security of farmers and farm workers by giving options like leasehold arrangement, stock distribution option, and production and profit sharing scheme. It also provides legal assistance to beneficiaries to help resolve agrarian disputes.

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The CARP has been generally able to attain its land distribution target for the year For that same period, a total oflandless tenants and farm workers became legitimate recipients of either land titles or free patents and support services. CARP under the administration of Aquino was not successful; in fact it only accomplished It was said that President Aquino was the first landlord to evade CARP on such a grand scale and created a higly negative atmosphere for agrarian reform.

Other negative factors during her administration were; political instability, corruption scandals related to land reform, and the decision of autonomous peasant organizations and NGOs to campaign against CARP.

Land Reform under the Ramos Administration The agrarian reform policies of the Ramos administration focused on accelerating the direct land transfer and non-land transfer programs through adopting more rational and simpler operating procedures and a fair, expeditious and inexpensive settlement of agrarian disputes.

It focused in the adoption of a fair land valuation formula and prompt payment of just compensation to encourage landowners to cooperate and support agrarian reform. The administration also encouraged the development of alternative schemes of landowner compensation to motivate them to invest in rural-based industries that have strong linkages with agriculture.

It also adopted a progressive agricultural land tax to encourage smaller landholdings among large landowners, a land conversion tax to discourage land conversion and idle land tax to encourage landowners to cultivate the land.

These taxes were also needed to augment the Agrarian Reform Fund aside from mobilizing both local and foreign resources. The budget of DAR therefore had to be increased to cover reorganization costs.Agrarian Reform Program President Noynoy Aquino Administration.

4/26/ Aquino administration has failed to distribute land to farmers under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. President NoyNoy Aquino’s. Challenges for agrarian reform. Reaction Paper About Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. 0 Comments Leave a Reply.

Reaction paper about comprehensive agrarian reform program

3. Philippine Land reform. CAR – Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Republic Act in and ended last An act instituting a comprehensive agrarian reform program to promote social justice and industrialization, providing the mechanism for its implementation, and for other purposes.

CARP Meaning Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of , also known as CARP, is a Philippine state policy that ensures and promotes welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as elevation of social justice and equity among rural areas.

CARP, or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, is the redistribution of public and private agricultural lands to farmers and farmworkers who are landless, irrespective of tenurial arrangement.

Reaction paper about comprehensive agrarian reform program

CARP, or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, is the redistribution of public and private agricultural lands to farmers and farmworkers who are landless, irrespective of tenurial arrangement.

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Coverage of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. Amniotic Fluid 5/5(2).

Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program - Wikipedia